Tuesday, 14 March 2023 00:00

What Can Cause Your Toes to Swell

Any number of conditions can cause your toes to become swollen, ranging from injury to an allergic reaction. Swelling, or edema, is generally an early warning system from your body, as it generally indicates a problem of some sort. Among the common reasons for toe edema are gout, arthritis, and diabetes. Another cause of swelling in the toes is a circulation problem known as venous insufficiency. This means blood doesn’t flow properly from the extremities to the heart. Edema in the toes also may be caused by cellulitis, a serious inflammation of the skin tissues that can result from a number of conditions. Other causes of swelling in the toes include ingrown toenails, an infection, and footwear that is too tight. Some of these conditions indicate underlying problems that may take time to be corrected, and others can be easily handled by a visit to the podiatrist. The main thing to remember is that swelling is a warning sign from your body that something is amiss. If your toe swells, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist for an examination and a diagnosis.

Swollen feet can be a sign of an underlying condition. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Mark Gagnon of Advanced Podiatry. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Swollen feet are a common ailment among pregnant women and people who stand or sit for extended periods. Aging may increase the possibility of swollen feet and patients who are obese often notice when their feet are swelling too. There may be medical reasons why swollen feet occur:

  • Phlebitis - A condition that causes the veins to become inflamed and can also cause leg pain.
  • Liver disease - This may lead to low blood levels of albumin which is a protein. This can cause fluid in the blood to pass into the tissues and several areas of the body can become swollen.
  • Heart failure - When the heart doesn’t pump properly the blood that is normally pumped back to the heart can pool in the veins of the legs causing swollen feet.
  • Kidney disease - One of the main functions of the kidneys is releasing excess fluid in the body. This type of condition can make it difficult for the kidneys to function properly, and as a result the feet may become swollen.
  • Deep-vein thrombosis (DVT)- This is a serious condition where blood clots form in the veins of the legs. They can block the return of blood from the legs to the heart which may cause the feet to swell. It is important to be treated by a podiatrist if this condition is present.

Swollen feet can also be caused by bone and tendon conditions, including fractures, arthritis, and tendinitis. Additionally, there may be skin and toenail conditions and an infection may cause the feet to swell. Patients who take medicine to treat high blood pressure may be prone to getting swollen feet. 

Many patients elevate their feet to help relieve the swelling and this is generally a temporary remedy. When a podiatrist is consulted the reason behind the swelling can be uncovered and subsequently treated.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Crestwood, Orland Park, and Summit, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.


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