Items filtered by date: December 2022

Tuesday, 27 December 2022 00:00

All About Plantar Fibromas

A plantar fibroma is a firm lump that appears on the sole of the foot. These nodules are benign but can cause some pain in the arch when you are standing or walking. Plantar fibromas are about an inch in diameter, and sometimes develop into clusters. These growths do not usually go away on their own, and may need to be removed surgically if they inhibit your daily activities. The cause of plantar fibromas is largely unknown, but a number of conditions may be linked to their formation. A family history of plantar fibromas is the most common risk factor. Men are twice as likely to develop plantar fibromas than women. Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes and liver disease, are believed to be associated with fibroma development. Long term alcohol consumption is considered another risk factor. Healing from repetitive stress to the plantar fascia is thought to be a factor. A number of non-surgical as well as surgical treatments are available to remove plantar fibromas. It is suggested you visit a podiatrist for an exam and the treatment options that are best for you. 

A plantar fibroma may disrupt your daily activities. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Mark Gagnon of Advanced Podiatry. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Plantar Fibroma

A plantar fibroma is a fibrous knot in the arch of the foot. It is embedded in the plantar fascia which is a band of tissue that extends from the heel to the toes along the bottom of the foot. There can be multiple plantar fibromas in the feet at the same time. There are no known causes for this condition. If you have a plantar fibroma, there will be a bump in the arch of your foot that cannot be missed. Any associated pain is most often due to a shoe rubbing against the nodule. Non-surgical options, such as steroid injections, physical therapy, and orthotics should be tried first. Surgery is a last resort and is the only thing that will remove a plantar fibroma entirely. Consult with a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and to determine the treatment regimen that is right for you.

What Causes a Plantar Fibroma?

While there are no specific causes identified, a plantar fibroma can possibly come from genetic predisposition or the formation of scar tissue that forms from healing the tears in the plantar fascia.

What Are the Symptoms of a Plantar Fibroma?

There will be a noticeable lump in the arch of the foot that may or may not cause pain. If pain is felt, it is typically because a shoe is rubbing up against the lump or when walking or standing barefoot.

Treatment and Prevention

A plantar fibroma will not disappear without treatment, but it can get smaller and be a non-issue. If pain persists, a podiatrist examines the foot and when the arch of the foot is pressed, pain can be felt down to the toes. An MRI or biopsy might be performed to help diagnose or evaluate the plantar fibroma. The following non-surgical options are generally enough to reduce the size and pain of these nodules:

  • Steroid injections
  • Orthotics
  • Physical therapy to help apply anti-inflammatory creams on the bump 

Surgery is considered if the mass increases in size and the patient continues to feel pain after non-surgical methods are tried.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Crestwood, Orland Park, and Summit, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 20 December 2022 00:00

Running May Cause Toe Pain

People who enjoy running may notice that they have developed pain in their big toe. This pain can cause difficulty when walking or running and can occur for various reasons. These causes may include the amount of force the joints in the big toe endure while running, in addition to how the heel strikes the ground. This can lead to your foot pronating, meaning the foot rolls inward to absorb the shock. This is followed by pushing off, and the weight of the body travels to the big toe. Some people may have bunions and they appear as a bony bump on the side of the big toe. Bunions often arise from wearing shoes that do not fit correctly. People who run can experience increased toe pain if they are afflicted with a bunion. It is suggested that the shoes worn fit correctly for the style of running that is desired, and this may help to reduce toe pain. If you would like more information about why toe pain occurs, in addition to learning about effective prevention methods, please consult with a podiatrist.

Toe pain can disrupt your daily activities. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Mark Gagnon of Advanced Podiatry. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Causes Toe Pain?

Most severe toe pain is caused due to a sports injury, trauma from dropping something heavy on the toe, or bumping into something rigid. Other problems can develop over time for various reasons.

Toe pain can be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:

  • Trauma
  • Sports injury
  • Wearing shoes that are too tight
  • Arthritis
  • Gout
  • Corns and calluses
  • Hammertoe
  • Bunions
  • Blisters
  • Ingrown toenails
  • Sprains
  • Fractures (broken bones)
  • Dislocations

When to See a Podiatrist

  • Severe pain
  • Persistent pain that lasts more than a week
  • Signs of infection
  • Continued swelling
  • Pain that prevents walking


In many cases the cause of toe pain is obvious, but in others, a podiatrist may want to use more advanced methods to determine the problem. These can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.


Treatments for toe pain and injuries vary and may include shoe inserts, padding, taping, medicines, injections, and in some cases, surgery. If you believe that you have broken a toe, please see a podiatrist as soon as possible.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Crestwood, Orland Park, and Summit, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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Published in Blog
Tuesday, 13 December 2022 00:00

Clothing and Poor Circulation

Poor circulation to the feet can occur in an individual when blood flow to the feet is lacking. There are admittedly many different important causes of poor circulation in the feet that everyone ought to be aware of if they are serious about protecting the health of their feet. One often overlooked cause of poor circulation is wearing pants that are too tight. Sometimes, for example, when an individual wears a small pair of skinny jeans, the tight clothing can cut off blood flow to the lower legs and feet. A feeling of numbness might be felt in the thigh that runs down to the feet. As a result, when an individual puts weight on their feet, it can feel as though the feet are not there. In other words, the feet can be particularly numb as a result of wearing skinny jeans. If you want to learn more about how clothing or footwear influences poor circulation in the feet, contact a podiatrist today.


Poor circulation is a serious condition and needs immediate medical attention. If you have any concerns with poor circulation in your feet contact Dr. Mark Gagnon of Advanced Podiatry. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Poor Circulation in the Feet

Poor blood circulation in the feet and legs is can be caused by peripheral artery disease (PAD), which is the result of a buildup of plaque in the arteries.

Plaque buildup or atherosclerosis results from excess calcium and cholesterol in the bloodstream. This can restrict the amount of blood which can flow through the arteries. Poor blood circulation in the feet and legs are sometimes caused by inflammation in the blood vessels, known as vasculitis.


Lack of oxygen and oxygen from poor blood circulation restricts muscle growth and development. It can also cause:

  • Muscle pain, stiffness, or weakness   
  • Numbness or cramping in the legs 
  • Skin discoloration
  • Slower nail & hair growth
  • Erectile dysfunction

Those who have diabetes or smoke are at greatest risk for poor circulation, as are those who are over 50. If you have poor circulation in the feet and legs it may be caused by PAD and is important to make changes to your lifestyle in order to reduce risk of getting a heart attack or stroke. Exercise and maintaining a healthy lifestyle will dramatically improve conditions.

As always, see a podiatrist as he or she will assist in finding a regimen that suits you. A podiatrist can also prescribe you any needed medication. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Crestwood, Orland Park, and Summit, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment of Poor Blood Circulation in the Feet
Published in Blog
Monday, 12 December 2022 00:00

Plantar Warts Can Be Treated!

Plantar warts are small growths that develop on parts of the feet that bear weight. They're typically found on the bottom of the foot. Don't live with plantar warts, and call us today!

Published in Blog
Tuesday, 06 December 2022 00:00

Caregivers and Fall Prevention Practices

There are many people who live in nursing homes or assisted living facilities, and it is important that fall prevention techniques are followed while in these types of environments. It is beneficial for caregivers to know the pain level of their patients, and this can help gauge if help is needed to walk. The risk of falling may be reduced when there is assistance while using the commode or shower, and crutches or other support devices are within reach. Additionally, when the patient's personal belongings are close to them, such as cell phones, glasses, TV remote, or reading materials, the chances of falling to retrieve these items is greatly reduced. The call button and light are essential in being easily accessed, and this may prevent the patient from getting out of bed to find a caregiver. If you would like additional information about how falling can affect the feet, a podiatrist can correctly inform you how this may be avoided with fall prevention techniques.

Preventing falls among the elderly is very important. If you are older and have fallen or fear that you are prone to falling, consult with Dr. Mark Gagnon from Advanced Podiatry. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality advice and care.

Every 11 seconds, an elderly American is being treated in an emergency room for a fall related injury. Falls are the leading cause of head and hip injuries for those 65 and older. Due to decreases in strength, balance, senses, and lack of awareness, elderly persons are very susceptible to falling. Thankfully, there are a number of things older persons can do to prevent falls.

How to Prevent Falls

Some effective methods that older persons can do to prevent falls include:

  • Enrolling in strength and balance exercise program to increase balance and strength
  • Periodically having your sight and hearing checked
  • Discuss any medications you have with a doctor to see if it increases the risk of falling
  • Clearing the house of falling hazards and installing devices like grab bars and railings
  • Utilizing a walker or cane
  • Wearing shoes that provide good support and cushioning
  • Talking to family members about falling and increasing awareness

Falling can be a traumatic and embarrassing experience for elderly persons; this can make them less willing to leave the house, and less willing to talk to someone about their fears of falling. Doing such things, however, will increase the likelihood of tripping or losing one’s balance. Knowing the causes of falling and how to prevent them is the best way to mitigate the risk of serious injury.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Crestwood, Orland Park, and Summit, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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